Literary Terms for IV form, Life of Pi

Be able to define the term and give an example as part of your definition.



Anthropomorphism the practice of giving human attributes to animals, plants, rivers, winds, and the like or to such entities as Grecian urns and abstract ideas.


Connotation the ideas, attitudes, or emotions associated with a word in the mind of a speaker or listener, writer or reader. It is contrasted with denotation, the thing the word stands for, the dictionary definition, an objective concept without emotional coloring.


Foreshadowing -- the technique of suggesting or prefiguring a development in a literary work before it occurs. Foreshadowing applies primarily to plot, as a significant later event is prepared for by information provided earlier.

GOATVOK (imagery)

G = gustatory (taste)

O = organic (internal sensation)

A = auditory (sound)

T = tactile (touch)

V = visual

O = olfactory (smell)

K = kinesthetic (movement)

Frame narrative a narrative enclosing one or more separate stories. Characteristically, the frame narrative is created as a vehicle for the stories it contains.


Metaphor a literary device in which one thing is described or treated as if it were something else.

1.      simile: He was like a peacock.
He displayed himself like a peacock.

2.      Plain metaphor: He was a peacock.

3.      Implied metaphor: He swelled and displayed his finery.

4.      Dead metaphor: He strutted.

Onomatopoeia the use of words formed or sounding like what they signify buzz, crack, smack, whinny.

Personification the technique of treating abstractions, things, or animals as persons. Personification turns abstract ideas, like love, into physical beauties named Venus or conversely, makes dumb animals speak and act like humans: Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, etc.

Simile a metaphor stating the comparison by use of like, as or as if.